Abstract image representing MAPT chapter 2

Sustainability and Energy Efficiency

Sustainability and Energy Efficiency

Chapter 2 (Sustainability and Energy Efficiency) describes the crosscut need for i) improvements in energy efficiency in computing, ii) increased environmental sustainability and efficiency across the entire lifecycle (e.g., design, development, manufacturing, use, end of life management) of semiconductor devices and systems, and iii) the development of the workforce needed to create new sustainable solutions and systems as societal needs change. According to the Decadal Plan for Semiconductors [1] computing based on solutions we apply today are not sustainable now and will be impossible after 2040 as the energy requirements for that computing will outpace the energy available from the market as computing demand increases. Without 1000x improvement in energy efficiency in the next decade, and 1,000,000x improvement beyond 2040 [1], computing will be in an energy-limited regime and will not grow, drive new markets, or spur global GDP growth. Also, as chip manufacturing in the United States is expected to increase in the coming years in response to the increasing global demand for semiconductors, and objectives of the CHIPS Act [4], it is imperative that the chemicals, materials, and processes involved in chip fabrication and advanced packaging as well as the product design itself are as sustainable as possible both from an environmental and human health standpoint.

1 SIA/SRC Decadal Plan for Semiconductors (SRC 2021) https://www.src.org/about/decadal-plan/

4 https://www.semiconductors.org/the-chips-act-has-already-sparked-200-billion-in-private-investments-for-u-s-semiconductor-production/

Chapter contributors

Brooke Tvermoes (IBM) – Chair
James Ang (PNNL) – Vice Chair
Henning Braunisch (Intel)
Emily Gallagher (imec)
Kanad Ghose (SUNY-Binghamton)
Brett Goldsmith (Paragraf)
Carol Handwerker (Purdue University)
Tengfei Jiang (University of Central Florida)

Bob Leet (Intel)
Nathan Marchak (IBM)
Matt Marinella (Arizona State University)
Mitul Modi (Intel)
Mark Poliks (Binghamton University)
Rahul Razdan (Razdan Research Institute)
Dave Robertson (Analog Devices)
Sadasivan Shankar (SLAC)

David Speed (GlobalFoundries)
Sarah Wallace (Texas Instruments)
Kevin Wolfe (Intel)
Chuck Woychik (Skywater Technology)
Tim Yeakly (Texas Instruments)
Kashyap Yellai (SRC)
Todd Younkin (SRC)